Journeyman Level

The Journeyman is the second step in the Master Beekeeping Program. A Journeyman is a skilled beekeeper who has successfully completed the Apprentice qualification in the beekeeping craft. Journeymen are considered competent and fully qualified keepers. The Journeyman has earn this level of competence by education, supervised experience, and examination.

Basic Qualifications:

  • Completion of Apprentice Level Testing.
  • Beekeeper for 2+ years.
  • Basic understanding of hive components.
  • Understand basic apiary management.
  • Proof of Hive registration with the state of Alabama.
  • Proof of Membership of Alabama Beekeepers Association.
  • Complete and Document 5 Public Service Credits. These must be documented on the Public Service Credit Form.
  • Proof of Attending 12 Hours of Bee Related Classes. These classes should focus on:
    (1) honey bee pest/parasites & pathogens, (2) social wasps & bees, (3) pollination, (4) pesticides & honey bees, (5) honey bee biology, (6) hiving a swarm, (7) how to make splits (8) basic queen rearing.


  • The candidate must score 70% or more on each block of the written exam. This exam will cover more information than required in the Apprentice Beekeeper level exam.
  • The candidate must score 80% or more on a practical examination. The practical exam can include, but is not limited to: reading pesticide labels and determining which is safest to use around honey bees, identifying several beekeeping items, examining honey labels for errors, distinguishing between bees, wasps, hornets, and other insects, and identifying anatomical structures of a bee and a flower.

Objectives for Journeyman Testing:

Disease and Pest

  • Identify and describe diseases and their treatments of the hive. Some examples are as follows: Varroa, Foulbrood- American and European, Chalkbrood, Nosema, Etc.
  • Identify common pests of the hive including the following:Small Hive Beetles, Ants, Yellow Jackets, Skunks, Bears, Etc.

Bee Anatomy: This is a more in-depth study of the bee compared to the Apprentice.

  • Identify and Label the Exterior of the Honey Bee with proper nomenclature
  • Discuss the functions of the Exterior Parts of a Honey Bee in Detail with proper nomenclature
  • Differentiate what part is on the ventral and dorsal side of the bee.
  • Know the differences between each leg, parts of the eye, antennae, wings, etc.
  • Know where the various systems and parts are located on/ in the bee.  Specifically denoting the head, thorax, abdomen for each

Queen Rearing

  • Discuss the role of the drone in respect to queen rearing
  • Know the time frame from egg to adult for each caste
  • Identify the steps and equipment needed for queen rearing
  • Explain the pros and cons of marking and clipping queens
  • Identify what year the queen was produced by the color she is marked
  • Understand and explain the pros and cons of queen banking.

Flowers & Pollination

  • Define pollination, cross pollination, self pollination, fruit, seed
  • Explain the honey bees relationship to pollination
  • Discuss the differences between monoculture/polyculture, flower fidelity/polylectic, and perfect flowers/ imperfect flowers
  • Label and identify the parts of the flower as well as discuss the role they play in pollination

Colony Management, Hive as A Colony

Define basic colony management including the following.  Explain how these management practices help or hinder a beekeeper

  • Reversing
  • Spring Management
  • Supering
  • Winter Management
  • Checkerboarding
  • Excluders
  • Top feeders/Boardman feeders/ Community feeders
  • Solid/ Screen Bottom Board
  • Etc.

Product Labeling

  • Know the legal requirements for labeling honey.
  • Know the proper nomenclature of the different areas of the label.
  • Identify mislabeled honey bottles.